营养学综述:素食改变肠道菌群,降低心血管疾病风险!
  • 素食与各种慢性疾病(如II型糖尿病、高血压、心血管疾病和几种癌症等)的发病率较低有关;
  • 本文综述了素食和杂食饮食模式对人体新陈代谢和肠道微生物群的调节,并探讨了其对心血管疾病风险的影响;
  • 素食可通过肠道菌群的介导,改善氧化平衡、脂肪型态及糖稳态等代谢指标;
  • 素食者心血管疾病的发病率和流行率较低与某些危险因素增加之间存在悖论,仍需要对风险和保护因素之间的平衡进行更深入的了解,以促进饮食管理和改善心血管健康。
主编推荐语
蓝灿辉 | 热心肠先生
素食好处多多,到底有什么好处,看看这篇综述。当然,纯素食也可能增加某些慢性疾病风险,营养恐怕还得平衡多样。
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Vegetarian diets and gut microbiota: important shifts in markers of metabolism and cardiovascular disease

素食与肠道菌群:代谢及心血管疾病标记物的重要转变

10.1093/nutrit/nuw012

2016-05-30, Review

Abstract & Authors:展开

Abstract:收起
Vegetarian diets have been associated with a lower incidence of several chronic diseases. The benefits of plant-based diets are related mainly to the improvement of metabolic parameters that can indicate risk for such diseases. Some metabolic factors, such as oxidative balance, lipid profile, and glucose homeostasis, can be improved directly by diet, but paradoxically, some characteristics of vegetarian diets may promote a negative scenario that increases the risk of certain chronic diseases. Additionally, many benefits of a vegetarian diet are mediated by the gut microbiota, members of which not only have taxonomic and functional differences but also produce diverse, specific metabolites that vary according to whether the host consumes an omnivorous or a vegetarian diet. This review examines the modulation of human metabolism and gut microbiota by vegetarian and omnivorous dietary patterns and explores how this modulation may affect the risk of cardiovascular disease.

First Authors:
Vinicius A do Rosario

Correspondence Authors:
Vinicius A do Rosario

All Authors:
Vinicius A do Rosario,Ricardo Fernandes,Erasmo BS de M Trindade

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