创作:szx 审核:szx 2017年08月02日
  • 选取30项横截面研究、13项队列研究、8项对照研究及7项实验,分析水果蔬菜的摄入对哮喘/喘鸣的影响;
  • 30项研究报道水果蔬菜摄入与哮喘风险降低及/或呼吸道功能改善的关联,8项研究发现两者无显著联系;
  • 20项研究报道哮喘风险的降低只与蔬菜摄入或水果摄入中的一项有关联;
  • meta分析表明,喘鸣风险及哮喘严重性均与水果摄入呈负相关,蔬菜摄入与哮喘的风险呈负相关;
  • 大多数研究发现蔬菜水果摄入在系统性或呼吸道炎症中起保护作用。
蓝灿辉 | 热心肠先生
Nutrients [IF:4.546]

Effects of Fruit and Vegetable Consumption on Risk of Asthma, Wheezing and Immune Responses: A Systematic Review and Meta-Analysis



2017-03-29, Review

Abstract & Authors:展开

Abstract: Evidence suggests that reduced intake of fruit and vegetables may play a critical role in the development of asthma and allergies. The present review aimed to summarize the evidence for the association between fruit and vegetable intake, risk of asthma/wheeze and immune responses. Databases including PubMed, Cochrane, CINAHL and EMBASE were searched up to June 2016. Studies that investigated the effects of fruit and vegetable intake on risk of asthma/wheeze and immune responses were considered eligible (n = 58). Studies used cross-sectional (n = 30), cohort (n = 13), case-control (n = 8) and experimental (n = 7) designs. Most of the studies (n = 30) reported beneficial associations of fruit and vegetable consumption with risk of asthma and/or respiratory function, while eight studies found no significant relationship. Some studies (n = 20) reported mixed results, as they found a negative association between fruit only or vegetable only, and asthma. In addition, the meta-analyses in both adults and children showed inverse associations between fruit intake and risk of prevalent wheeze and asthma severity (p < 0.05). Likewise, vegetable intake was negatively associated with risk of prevalent asthma (p < 0.05). Seven studies examined immune responses in relation to fruit and vegetable intake in asthma, with n = 6 showing a protective effect against either systemic or airway inflammation. Fruit and vegetable consumption appears to be protective against asthma.

First Authors:
Banafshe Hosseini

Correspondence Authors:
Lisa G Wood

All Authors:
Banafshe Hosseini,Bronwyn S Berthon,Peter Wark,Lisa G Wood