重视“暴力循环”,给女性多点爱
创作:Epi汪 审核:Epi汪 2019年05月03日
  • 检索有关女性儿童期经历各种虐待事件(CM)与成年后各种侵犯行为(aggressive acts)关联的研究;
  • 最终纳入34篇文献,总体来看,女性儿童期经历各种CM与侵犯行为呈弱的正相关(Cohen系数0.30);
  • 不同的CM类型(如身体0=虐待、忽视等)与成年后侵犯行为的关联没有差异;
  • CM与成年期身体侵犯行为、心理侵犯行为关联密切,而与性侵犯、暴力犯罪的关联较弱;
  • 女性儿童期经历CM可能会导致暴力循环,应加强干预。
主编推荐语
Epi汪
心理学上的“暴力循环”学说认为, 个体在成长过程中, 曾经遭受暴力者, 将来更多地对配偶或子女实施暴力, 由此形成了一个家庭暴力循环。女性的家庭暴力循环问题一直是公共卫生、心理学界所重视的问题。本系统综述整合了部分研究结果,提示女性在儿童期如果经历更多的虐待事件,成年后“侵犯行为”的概率更高。(“侵犯行为”是心理学术语,指的是违反了社会主流规范的、有动机的、伤害了他人的行为)
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Is there a female cycle of violence after exposure to childhood maltreatment? A meta-analysis

女性儿童期经历虐待后是否存在“暴力循环”?:一项荟萃分析

10.1017/S0033291719000680

2019-04-17, Article

Abstract & Authors:展开

Abstract:收起
Several studies have demonstrated a vicious cycle of violence, in which experiences of childhood maltreatment (CM) transition into later perpetration of aggressive acts. But evidence for the presence of this cycle in adult women is mixed. The aim of this meta-analysis is to investigate the strength of associations and the mechanisms underlying a cycle of violence in women. Databases were searched for terms related to female aggression, violence, delinquency, antisocial behavior, or offending in addition to exposure to traumatic experiences, abuse, or maltreatment during childhood. Only peer-reviewed studies were included that investigated associations between any type of CM and different acts of aggression. Multi-level meta-analyses were applied, as well as meta-regressions, all based on Cohen's d. K = 34 studies were identified. The overall association between exposure to CM was in the positive but small range (Cohen's d = 0.30). There was no significant difference between specific types of abuse and/or neglect. However, associations were smaller for the perpetration of sexual aggression and violent crime compared with other acts of aggression. These findings underline the long-lasting and devastating impact of CM, including types of maltreatment that were long assumed to be less severe. Due to the limited number of available studies, interactions between types of CM and aggression could not be modeled, thus compromising their probable interacting contribution to the cycle of violence. Early interventions targeting families and women at risk are critical in order to prevent ongoing cycles of violence.

First Authors:
Mareike Augsburger

Correspondence Authors:
Mareike Augsburger

All Authors:
Mareike Augsburger,Kayley Basler,Andreas Maercker

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