Abstract & Authors:展开
Background: Plant-based dietary patterns may be related to better cardiovascular profiles. Whether a healthy plant-based dietary index is predictive of future cardiovascular disease (CVD) across people with different genetic susceptibility remains uncertain.
Objective: We investigated associations of adherence to healthy plant-based diets with the incidence of CVD considering the genetic susceptibility.
Methods: This prospective cohort study included a total of 156,148 adults initially free of CVD and cancer. We calculated a healthful plant-based diet index (healthful-PDI) in which healthy plant foods received positive scores, and less healthy plant foods and animal foods received reverse scores. Genetic risk scores (GRSs) for myocardial infarction (MI) and stroke were calculated to assess interactions between healthful-PDI and GRSs.
Results: During 5 y of follow-up, we observed 1812 incident cases of CVD. Higher healthful-PDI was associated with a lower CVD risk [HR per 10-unit increment: 0.87 (95% CI: 0.81, 0.93) after adjusting for demographic, lifestyle, and other dietary factors (model 1); HR 0.90 (0.84, 0.97) after further adjusting for obesity and metabolic factors (model 2)]. The risk of CVD was gradually decreased in association with higher adherence to healthful-PDI, regardless of genetic susceptibility. The inverse associations of healthful-PDI with CVD were consistently observed in people with low GRS-MI [HR 0.85 (95% CI: 0.76, 0.94) in model 1; HR 0.88 (0.79, 0.97) in model 2] and those with high GRS-MI [HR 0.91 (0.82, 0.99) in model 1; HR 0.94 (0.86, 1.04) in model 2], without significant interactions (Pinteraction = 0.59 in model 1; Pinteraction = 0.66 in model 2). Similarly, higher healthful-PDI was related to a lower risk of CVD, regardless of low/high GRS-stroke.
Conclusion: Adherence to healthy plant-based diets may be associated with a decreased incidence of CVD in the entire population, suggesting that plant-based dietary patterns may modify the risk of CVD, regardless of genetic susceptibility.
Yoriko Heianza,Tao Zhou,Dianjianyi Sun,Frank B Hu,JoAnn E Manson,Lu Qi