一个CheckMate 032研究随机扩展队列的首次报告：采用Nivolumab （nivo） ± ipilimumab （ipi）策略治疗晚期小细胞肺癌（SCLC）
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Background: Patients (pts) with advanced SCLC after first-line platinum-based chemotherapy (PLT-CT) have a poor prognosis and limited treatment options. CheckMate 032 is a phase I/II trial evaluating multiple regimens of nivo ± ipi in solid tumors, including advanced SCLC. Tolerability and efficacy of nivo ± ipi were demonstrated in early results from the initial treatment arms (Antonia, Lancet Oncol 2016), prompting long-term follow-up and the addition of a randomized expansion cohort to further evaluate nivo ± ipi in advanced SCLC.
Methods: In the initial treatment arms, pts with advanced SCLC and disease progression after prior PLT-CT were assigned to nivo (3 mg/kg Q2W; n = 98) or nivo 1 + ipi 3 (1 mg/kg and 3 mg/kg Q3W x 4, then nivo 3 Q2W; n = 61); safety/efficacy was assessed with a follow-up of ~18 mo. In the subsequent SCLC expansion cohort, pts were randomized 3:2 to nivo vs nivo 1 + ipi 3 and stratified by number of prior therapies. The primary endpoint was objective response rate (ORR).
Results: Updated efficacy/safety results from the initial (non-randomized) nivo and nivo 1 + ipi 3 arms are summarized in the table. Responses were durable and occurred regardless of PD-L1 expression or PLT-sensitivity; safety was consistent with prior nivo ± ipi studies. In the expansion cohort, 247 pts were randomized to nivo or nivo 1 + ipi 3. The presentation will contain the first report of efficacy/safety results and subgroup analyses from this randomized expansion cohort.
Conclusions: Durable responses are observed with nivo and nivo + ipi in pts with previously treated SCLC. The expansion cohort represents the first randomized evaluation of combined immune checkpoint blockade in SCLC.
Matthew David Hellmann