素食妈妈的母乳可提供足够营养(综述)
创作:Epi汪 审核:Epi汪 2020年05月01日
  • 检索筛查并最终纳入13篇相关的研究,探索女性的饮食模式和母乳成分之间的关联;
  • 总体来说,非素食者、素食者以及纯素食主义者母亲的母乳的营养价值相当,都足够为她们的婴儿提供营养;
  • 主要研究比较的营养物质包括母乳的总脂肪、游离脂肪酸、蛋白质、牛磺酸、维生素B12、矿物质、硒、乳糖等营养物质含量;
  • 以及脑源性神经营养因子、游离核苷酸和核苷、谷胱甘肽过氧化物酶等非营养物质;
  • 素食母亲的母乳中上述物质没有显著差别。
主编推荐语
Epi汪
单纯通过母亲的饮食习惯(如素食主义)判断母乳的营养价值是不科学的。本研究通过系统综述,总结了素食主义母亲的母乳成分可能的变化。但是总体而言,只要母亲的营养全面,其母乳的营养足够婴儿生长需要。
关键字
延伸阅读本研究的原文信息和链接出处,以及相关解读和评论文章。欢迎读者朋友们推荐!

Vegan or vegetarian diet and breast milk composition – a systematic review

严格素食主义和素食者母乳的成分:系统综述

10.1080/10408398.2020.1753650

2020-04-22, Article

Abstract & Authors:展开

Abstract:收起
It is known that nutritional composition of breast milk is, to a certain extent, related to maternal diet. The question of nutritional adequacy of mothers’ milk is often raised whenever a vegetarian or vegan diet during the lactation process is concerned. For this reason, in some countries, the recruitment of vegan lactating women as milk donors is excluded by milk banks. The purpose of this systematic review is to summarize existing knowledge on variability of specific nutrients in breastmilk of mothers adhering to a plant-based diet. The databases, including MEDLINE (Pubmed) and Scopus, were used to identify relevant publications. Data extraction and analysis were conducted following a PRISMA protocol. Thirteen publications concerning the impact of dietary pattern and levels of animal-origin food intake on breast milk composition were included. The systematic review has shown that all non-vegetarian, vegetarian and vegan mothers produce breast milk of comparable nutritional value. Several differences are primarily attributed to fatty acids and some micro-components, primarily vitamin B12. Regardless of dietary choices, nourishment and adequate nutrition have a significant impact on human milk composition – on the basis of the current evidence, vegetarian and vegan mothers are capable of producing nutritionally valuable milk for their infants, as far as the appropriate supplementation compensating for breastfeeding mother’s nutritional requirements is provided. Dietary choices should not be a permanent exclusion criterion for donor candidates in human milk banks.

First Authors:
Karolina Karcz

Correspondence Authors:
Karolina Karcz

All Authors:
Karolina Karcz,Barbara Krolak-Olejnik

评论