饮食与睡眠质量有何关联?(综述)
创作:szx 审核:szx 03月14日
  • 纳入29项研究(包括25项观察性研究及4项干预性研究)进行系统性综述,总结饮食(包括饮食组分及饮食模式)对睡眠质量的影响;
  • 总体而言,摄入健康饮食(例如富含植物性饮食及海鲜)与更好的睡眠质量相关;
  • 摄入加工食品、富含游离糖的食品与更差的睡眠质量相关;
  • 总体的研究设计质量从差到中等,无法得出饮食与睡眠质量之间的因果关联,需要更好地设计前瞻性队列研究及大样本随机对照试验来进行进一步研究。
主编推荐语
szx
越来越多的证据表明饮食与睡眠密切相关。Sleep Medicine Reviews上发表的一项系统性综述,基于29项研究的结果,总结了饮食(包括饮食组分及饮食模式)对睡眠质量的影响。总体而言,健康饮食与更好的睡眠质量相关,而饮食可能通过调节炎症及肠-脑轴以影响睡眠质量。
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Association between diet and sleep quality: A systematic review

饮食与睡眠质量的关联:一项系统性综述

10.1016/j.smrv.2021.101430

01-16, Review

Abstract & Authors:展开

Abstract:收起
Dietary habits are considered a leading behavioral risk factor for human health. There is growing scientific evidence suggesting that diet and sleep may be related. The aim of this study was to review the evidence of association between diet and sleep quality. A systematic search in electronic databases PubMed, Embase, Scopus, and the Cochrane Central Register of Controlled Trials was conducted from their inception to November 2019. Studies investigating parameters of diet quality (including dietary patterns or individual healthy/unhealthy foods) and sleep quality (assessed through self-reported or objective methods) were included. The NIH Quality Assessment Tools were used to evaluate the study quality. Twenty-nine studies were reviewed: in summary, consumption of healthy foods was associated with better sleep quality, while higher intake of processed and free-sugar rich foods was associated with worse sleep features. Despite a certain consistency between studies have been observed, the overall poor-to-fair quality of study design (mostly represented by cross-sectional investigations) does not allow to conclude a causal relation. However, diet-related variables are associated with sleep quality, but further studies are needed to corroborate this finding.

First Authors:
Justyna Godos,Giuseppe Grosso

Correspondence Authors:
Giuseppe Grosso

All Authors:
Justyna Godos,Giuseppe Grosso,Sabrina Castellano,Fabio Galvano,Filippo Caraci,Raffaele Ferri

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