守护童年,利在千秋(综述)
创作:尹小甜 审核:Epi汪 2020年08月14日
  • 检索纳入97篇相关的文献,综述儿童期虐待对未来养育孩子模式的影响;
  • 报告曾经历儿童期虐待,或目睹家庭暴力的父母,其更有可能对子女虐待或忽视教养;
  • 报告经历儿童期虐待次数越多的成年人,其对子女实施虐待的风险更高,具有累积效应;
  • 经历过儿童期虐待的夫妻,发生亲密伴侣间暴力的风险更高,从而间接对子女养育产生影响;
  • 儿童期经历虐待,可能会影响母亲的心理健康,从而造成对自己子女的负面影响。
主编推荐语
Epi汪
心理学家认为,经历过儿童期“虐待”的成年人,对自己子女采取“虐待”行为的风险更高,从而导致“恶性循环”。本综述详细阐述了相关的研究证据。目前许多研究都是基于横断面,儿童期虐待经历是通过回忆收集的。而前瞻性队列研究较少,影响了证据的强度。
关键字
延伸阅读本研究的原文信息和链接出处,以及相关解读和评论文章。欢迎读者朋友们推荐!

Intergenerational effects of childhood maltreatment: A systematic review of the parenting practices of adult survivors of childhood abuse, neglect, and violence

儿童虐待的代际效应:童年受虐待、忽视和暴力的父母的养育行为系统综述

10.1016/j.cpr.2020.101891

2020-07-23, Article

Abstract & Authors:展开

Abstract:收起
A history of maltreatment in childhood may influence adults’ parenting practices, potentially affecting their children. This systematic review examines 97 studies investigating associations of parental childhood victimization with a range of parenting behaviors that may contribute to the intergenerational effects of abuse: abusive parenting, problematic parenting, positive parenting, and positive parental affect. Key findings include: (1) parents who report experiencing physical abuse or witnessing violence in the home during childhood are at increased risk for reporting that they engage in abusive or neglectful parenting; (2) a cumulative effect of maltreatment experiences, such that adults who report experiencing multiple types or repeated instances of victimization are at greatest risk for perpetrating child abuse; (3) associations between reported childhood maltreatment experiences and parents’ problematic role reversal with, rejection of, and withdrawal from their children; (4) indirect effects between reported childhood maltreatment and abusive parenting via adult intimate partner violence; and (5) indirect effects between reported childhood maltreatment and lower levels of positive parenting behaviors and affect via mothers’ mental health. Thus, childhood experiences of maltreatment may alter parents’ ability to avoid negative and utilize positive parenting practices. Limitations of this body of literature include few prospective studies, an overreliance on adults’ self-report of their childhood victimization and current parenting, and little examination of potentially differential associations for mothers and fathers.

First Authors:
Carolyn A Greene

Correspondence Authors:
Carolyn A Greene

All Authors:
Carolyn A Greene,Lauren Haisley,Cara Wallace,Julian D Ford

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