Abstract & Authors:展开
Reduced microbiome diversity has been linked to several diseases. However, estimating the diversity of bacterial communities—the number and the total length of distinct genomes within a metagenome—remains an open problem in microbial ecology. Here, we describe an algorithm for estimating the microbial diversity in a metagenomic sample based on a joint analysis of short and long reads. Unlike previous approaches, the algorithm does not make any assumptions on the distribution of the frequencies of genomes within a metagenome (as in parametric methods) and does not require a large database that covers the total diversity (as in non-parametric methods). We estimate that genomes comprising a human gut metagenome have total length varying from 1.3 to 3.5 billion nucleotides, with genomes responsible for 50% of total abundance having total length varying from only 25 to 61 million nucleotides. In contrast, genomes comprising an aquifer sediment metagenome have more than two orders of magnitude larger total length (≈840 billion nucleotides).
Anton Bankevich,Pavel A Pevzner