素食或降低慢性肾病风险
创作:szx 审核:szx 2019年02月23日
  • 纳入来自台湾的55113名受试者进行一项横断面研究,分析饮食模式(严格素食、蛋奶素食、杂事)与慢性肾病之间的关联;
  • 相比于杂食者,严格素食者中的慢性肾病比例显著减少,蛋奶素食者中的慢性肾病比例显著增加;
  • 严格素食者、蛋奶素食者及杂食者的慢性肾病发病率分别为14.8%、20%及16.2%;
  • 在校正年龄、性别、高血压、糖尿病等因素后,素食(包括严格素食及蛋奶素食)与较低的慢性肾病发病率显著相关。
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szx
来自Nutrients上的一项最新研究,发现素食(包括严格素食及蛋奶素食)与较低的慢性肾病发病率相关,提示素食或看降低慢性肾病的风险。
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Nutrients [IF:4.546]

Association of Vegetarian Diet with Chronic Kidney Disease

素食与慢性肾病的关联

10.3390/nu11020279

2019-01-27, Article

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Chronic kidney disease (CKD) and its complications are major global public health issues. Vegetarian diets are associated with a more favorable profile of metabolic risk factors and lower blood pressure, but the protective effect in CKD is still unknown. We aim to assess the association between vegetarian diets and CKD. A cross-sectional study was based on subjects who received physical checkups at the Taipei Tzu Chi Hospital from 5 September 2005, to 31 December 2016. All subjects completed a questionnaire to assess their demographics, medical history, diet pattern, and lifestyles. The diet patterns were categorized into vegan, ovo-lacto vegetarian, or omnivore. CKD was defined as an estimated GFR <60 mL/min/1.73 m² or the presence of proteinuria. We evaluated the association between vegetarian diets and CKD prevalence by using multivariate analysis. Our study recruited 55,113 subjects. CKD was significantly less common in the vegan group compared with the omnivore group (vegan 14.8%, ovo-lacto vegetarians 20%, and omnivores 16.2%, < 0.001). The multivariable logistic regression analysis revealed that vegetarian diets including vegan and ovo-lacto vegetarian diets were possible protective factors [odds ratios = 0.87 (0.77⁻0.99), = 0.041; 0.84 (0.78⁻0.90), < 0.001]. Our study showed a strong negative association between vegetarian diets and prevalence of CKD. If such associations are causal, vegetarian diets could be helpful in reducing the occurrence of CKD.

First Authors:
Hao-Wen Liu,Wen-Hsin Tsai

Correspondence Authors:
Ko-Lin Kuo

All Authors:
Hao-Wen Liu,Wen-Hsin Tsai,Jia-Sin Liu,Ko-Lin Kuo

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