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Frequency comb-referenced measurements of sub-Doppler laser saturation dip absorption lines in the + band of acetylene near 1.5 m are reported. These measurements include transitions involving higher rotational levels than previously frequency measured in this band. The accuracy of the measured frequencies is typically better than 10 kHz. Measurements of the observed sub-Doppler line widths as a function of pressure showed that the self-pressure-broadening coefficients are about 3.5 times larger than those derived from conventional pressure broadening of unsaturated Doppler-limited spectra. This is attributed to the contribution of velocity-changing collisions to the total dephasing rate in the low pressure sub-Doppler measurements. At higher pressures, when the homogeneous broadening becomes comparable to the typical Doppler shift per elastic collision, the velocity changing collisions cease to contribute significantly to the incremental pressure broadening. A time-dependent soft collision model is developed to illustrate the transition between low and high pressure regimes of sub-Doppler pressure-broadening.
Christopher J Martyniuk , Jasenka Zubcevic
Tao Yang , Niousha Ahmari , Jordan T Schmidt , Ty Redler , Rebeca Arocha , Kevin Pacholec , Kacy L Magee , Wendi Malphurs , Jennifer L Owen , Gregory A Krane , Eric Li , Gary P Wang , Thomas W Vickroy , Mohan K Raizada , Christopher J Martyniuk , Jasenka Zubcevic