Abstract & Authors:展开
This systematic review and meta-analysis of randomized controlled trials (RCTs) was performed to quantify the effects of probiotic, prebiotic, and synbiotic supplementation on biomarkers of inflammation and oxidative stress, as well as lipid profiles among patients with chronic kidney disease (CKD). Electronic databases, including PubMed, the Cochrane Database, and the Web of Science were searched from January 1, 2000, to May 15, 2019. All RCTs that investigated the effect of prebiotics, probiotics, and synbiotics on a circulating (serum and plasma) inflammatory marker (C-reactive protein [CRP]), oxidative stress indicators (malondialdehyde [MDA], glutathione [GSH], and total anti-oxidant capacity [TAC]); and lipid profiles (total cholesterol [TC], triglycerides [TG], low-density lipoprotein cholesterol [LDL-c], and high-density lipoprotein cholesterol [HDL-c]) among patients with CKD were included. Data were pooled and expressed as a standardized mean difference (SMD) with a 95% confidence interval (CI). The protocol for this meta-analysis is registered with PROSPERO; No. CRD42019139090. Thirteen trials that included 671 patients were identified for analysis. The methodological quality varied across studies. Meta-analysis indicated that microbial therapies significantly reduced CRP (SMD, −0.75; 95% CI, −1.03 to −0.47; p = 0.000), MDA (SMD, −1.06; 95% CI, −1.59 to −0.52; p = 0.000), TC (SMD, −0.33; 95% CI, −0.52 to −0.13; p = 0.000), and LDL-c (SMD, −0.44; 95% CI, −0.86 to −0.02; p = 0.000) levels; they also increased the GSH (SMD, 0.44; 95% CI, 0.25 to 0.65; p = 0.000), TAC (SMD, 0.61; 95% CI, 0.07 to 1.15; p = 0.000), and HDL-c (SMD, 0.45; 95% CI, 0.03 to 0.87; p = 0.000) levels in CKD patients, as compared to the placebo groups; however, there was no statistically significant TG concentration among patients with CKD. Subgroup analyses showed that other key factors, such as the duration of intervention, participants’ baseline body mass index (BMI), type of intervention, and age, had an effect of microbial therapies on outcomes. This meta-analysis supports the potential use of probiotic, prebiotic, and synbiotic supplements in the improvement of established biomarkers of inflammation and oxidative stress, as well as lipid profiles among patients with CKD, which are well-known cardiovascular risk factors. Further research into these interventions should consider the limitations of our study to explore the effect of long-term administration of these supplements in the CKD population.
Hui Juan Zheng,Jing Guo,Qiuhong Wang
Wei Jing Liu,Yaoxian Wang
Hui Juan Zheng,Jing Guo,Qiuhong Wang,Liansheng Wang,Yahui Wang,Fan Zhang,Wei-Jun Huang,Wenting Zhang,Wei Jing Liu,Yaoxian Wang