Abstract & Authors:展开
Helicobacter pylori is the strongest risk factor for gastric adenocarcinoma; however, most infected individuals never develop this malignancy. Strain-specific microbial factors, such as the oncoprotein CagA, as well as environmental conditions, such as iron deficiency, augment cancer risk. Importantly, dysbiosis of the gastric microbiota is also associated with gastric cancer. To investigate the combinatorial effects of these determinants in an in vivo model of gastric cancer, Mongolian gerbils were infected with the carcinogenic cag+ H. pylori strain 7.13 or a 7.13 cagA isogenic mutant, and microbial DNA extracted from gastric tissue was analyzed by 16S rRNA sequencing. Infection with H. pylori significantly increased gastric inflammation and injury, decreased α-diversity, and altered microbial community structure in a cagA-dependent manner. The effect of iron deficiency on gastric microbial communities was also investigated within the context of infection. H. pylori-induced injury was augmented under conditions of iron deficiency, but despite differences in gastric pathology, there were no significant differences in α- or β-diversity, phyla, or operational taxonomic unit (OTU) abundance among infected gerbils maintained on iron-replete or iron-depleted diets. However, when microbial composition was stratified based solely on the severity of histologic injury, significant differences in α- and β-diversity were present among gerbils harboring premalignant or malignant lesions compared to gerbils with gastritis alone. This study demonstrates that H. pylori decreases gastric microbial diversity and community structure in a cagA-dependent manner and that as carcinogenesis progresses, there are corresponding alterations in community structure that parallel the severity of disease.
Jennifer M Noto
Richard M Peek Jr
Jennifer M Noto,Joseph P Zackular,Matthew G Varga,Alberto Delgado,Judith Romero-Gallo,Matthew B Scholz,M Blanca Piazuelo,Eric P Skaar,Richard M Peek Jr