给宝宝建立健康饮食模式,祖父母干预很关键(综述)
创作:尹小甜 审核:Epi汪 2020年11月20日
  • 检索并筛选相关的文献,探索祖父母照顾小孩时的喂养方式的特点;
  • 祖父母经常会提供高糖或高脂肪的食物给儿童,有一些还是比较昂贵的食物;
  • 祖父母参与到促进儿童健康的饮食模式中,包括营造健康饮食氛围、促进独立自主进食等;
  • 但他们也会采用一些强制喂养方法,或放纵的进食方式,或使用食物作为奖品,从而使儿童进食过多,增加未来肥胖风险;
  • 针对祖父母进行健康教育干预可能是改善儿童饮食结构的有效手段。
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Epi汪
许多爷爷奶奶姥姥姥爷等对孙子辈都倍加疼爱,且往往承担其学龄前的照看和启蒙教育的重要角色。本综述通过对相关文献的归纳和整理,总结了祖父母“带孩子”时饮食模式的特点,并提出针对祖父母进行健康教育干预可能是改善儿童饮食结构的有效手段的观点。
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Obesity Reviews [IF:7.31]

Grandparental dietary provision, feeding practices and feeding styles when caring for preschool‐aged grandchildren: A systematic mixed methods review

祖父母照顾学龄前儿童的饮食供给、喂养练习和喂养方式:系统混合方法综述

10.1111/obr.13157

2020-11-10, Article

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Grandparents are frequently relied upon to care for their preschool-aged grandchildren. These early years are a crucial age in the development of dietary habits and preferences. This review aims to determine grandparental dietary provision, feeding practices and feeding styles when caring for their preschool-aged grandchildren. Medline, PsycInfo and Web of Science were searched in January 2020. A systematic mixed methods approach was used to synthesize the qualitative (n = 13) and quantitative (n = 7) articles describing grandparents' feeding styles (n = 9), feeding practices (n = 14) and dietary provision (n = 18). Grandparents are serving large portion sizes and encouraging their grandchildren to eat frequently. Results are mixed for the types of foods provided; grandparents provide discretionary foods high in sugar and fat, and some also choose more expensive core foods as treats (e.g., berries). Grandparents engage in feeding practices that promote healthy eating (e.g., creating a healthy feeding environment) and promote autonomy and independence (e.g., considering their grandchild's preferences). However, they also use some coercive feeding practices (e.g., using food as a reward) and may be using indulgent feeding styles, which can be conducive to obesogenic dietary intakes. Interventions targeting grandparents could be an effective way to improve dietary-related health outcomes in young children.

First Authors:
Colette Marr

Correspondence Authors:
Samantha J Caton

All Authors:
Colette Marr,Sophie Reale,Penny Breeze,Samantha J Caton

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