Abstract & Authors:展开
Background and Purpose: The red blood cell fatty acid composition objectively reflects the long-term dietary intake of several fatty acids. In patients undergoing carotid endarterectomy, we explored whether red blood cell status of selected fatty acids related to symptomatic carotid artery disease.
Methods: We included patients with symptomatic (n=22) and asymptomatic (n=23) carotid artery disease. We determined all-C18:1 trans, linoleic acid (LA, C18:2n6), alpha-linolenic acid (C18:3n3), and the omega-3 index (sum of eicosapentaenoic [C20:5n3] and docosahexaenoic [C22:6n3] acids) in both red blood cells and carotid plaque phospholipids by gas-chromatography.
Results: In a multivariate logistic regression analysis, we only observed a significant association for LA, whose red blood cell status was inversely related to symptomatic carotid artery disease (odds ratio, 0.116 [95% CI, 0.022–0.607], P=0.011, for each 1-SD increase). A similar result was observed for LA in carotid plaque phospholipids.
Conclusions: Cell membrane enrichment in LA, which reflects its intake, was inversely related to symptomatic carotid disease. This increases evidence supporting a favorable role of dietary LA in vascular health.
Iolanda Lázaro,Montserrat Cofán
Iolanda Lázaro,Montserrat Cofán,Antonio J Amor,Emilio Ortega,Tania-Marisa Freitas-Simoes,Laura Llull,Sergio Amaro,Gaspar Mestres,Xavier Yugueros,William S Harris,Vicente Riambau,Aleix Sala-Vila